Sleep Product Tester
Austin is a professional writer and researcher who has covered sleep science and sleep products for over a decade.
While shopping for a new mattress can be frustrating, every mattress owner inevitably reaches the point where it’s clear that it’s time to level up. Some people decide to switch out their mattress because they’re interested in a new model or mattress type, and some people seek out a new mattress because their comfort requirements have changed over time, because of factors like age, losing or gaining weight, and/or injuries. However, even someone who isn’t particularly interested in other mattresses will need to replace their mattress eventually.
There are a number of different ways to get rid of a used mattress, from recycling to donation to throwing it away. The method that’s right for you depends on a number of different factors, especially the state of the mattress, where you are located, and which facilities are close by offering which types of disposal and donation services.
We’ll break down the different methods of mattress disposal, how to choose the right one for you, and how to go about getting the disposal job done.
First things first: how do you know it’s time to get a new mattress?
The general consensus is that mattresses should be replaced, on average, every 8 years.
However, some types of mattresses tend to last longer than others. For instance, hybrid innerspring-foam mattresses tend to need replacing sooner, at around 6 years, while plain innerspring mattresses can last up to 10 years (and even longer if they’re double-sided). Meanwhile, memory foam and latex mattresses can last up to 15 years with the right care.
These figures are only the average lifespans of each type of mattress: some individual mattresses can last for less time than their mattress-type average, while some can last longer. The lifespan of a mattress can vary significantly, depending on factors like the design of the mattress, the materials it’s made of, how well you take care of it, and what sort of atmosphere it is exposed to in your bedroom.
The best and most accurate way to tell if your mattress needs to be replaced is how it feels, and what sort of rest you get when you sleep on it. Are you still getting the support and comfort from the mattress that you got from it in the past?
|Sagging||Wake up feeling tired or achy|
|Lumps||Have a hard time getting comfortable|
|Hammocking||Able to feel your partner’s movements more than you used to|
|Coils that can be felt through the top of the mattress||Increased difficulty falling or staying asleep|
|Noisy Springs||Sounds make wake you when you or your partner move around|
In addition, certain life changes may necessitate a change in mattress. For instance, if you move in with a partner, or add a medium-to-large pet (like a dog) to your nightly sleep routine, an older mattress may be more affected by the new distribution of weight, and may not be able to provide the same level of support.
Once you’ve decided it’s time for a new mattress, have shopped around and picked out your new model, and are all set to bring it home, there’s one final hurdle to face: what do you do with your old mattress?
Many people opt into donating their mattresses instead of disposing of them. This is a great opportunity to do something meaningful for people in need, while also making space for your new mattress.
However, it is very important to remember that not all mattresses are fit to be donated.
Though there are many reasons why people decide to buy a new mattress, some mattresses are discarded because they are very worn and/or no longer usable. These mattresses should not be donated.
Also, because of the influx of higher quality, more affordable beds, and because of regulatory and sanitation issues, standards have increased at charities and shelters when it comes to the suitability of mattresses for donation. Bringing in a sub-par mattress, beyond being rude, will generally be a waste of time for you and for the hardworking staff and volunteers at these organizations.
Every charity, organization, and shelter has its own standards for what is acceptable for a donated mattress. However, there are a few standard guidelines:
Odors: Though people can sometimes be “noseblind” to odors in their own home, a particularly strong odor on a mattress should be noticeable to you. When in doubt, call in a third party, preferably one who you do not live with, to do a sniff test. If you find that the mattress has a slight odor, you can try sprinkling a layer of baking soda on the surface and letting it sit for a few hours. Afterward, vacuum off the baking soda, and then, if possible, let the mattress air outside. If the odor remains, you should reconsider donating the mattress.
In general, figuring out if your mattress is up to donation standards is a matter of common sense.
Make sure the mattress is structurally sound, clean, and free of any infestations or odors. The mattress is not going to help anyone if it cannot be used. Think about whether or not you would want to receive your mattress as a donation. If not, then consider other options.
If you feel that your bed is in good shape for donation, then that’s great! You can move on to selecting the right place to donate.
These organizations are national or multinational, with establishments all across North America, and sometimes all across the world.
You may want to skip the larger organizations, and go straight to the local level. In general, larger organizations tend to have stricter policies against accepting mattresses, for both regulatory and storage-space reasons. There are many ways to find local collectives, non-profits, and smaller organizations that will take your mattress and use it to help locally in your community.
If you’re not familiar with your local aid scene, one essential resource for finding the right place for your mattress is Donationtown.org. Donation Town is one of the best online resources for finding a place to donate your mattress to charity. They provide a completely free, searchable database of the charities in your area that might accept the mattress, with specifications about whether or not they provide donation pick-up services. If you’re looking to donate your mattress, check out Donation Town’s database to find a suitable charity.
You can also donate directly to a local shelter. A quick Google search should give you a list of contacts for your local shelters, including general population homeless shelters and shelters specifically for youth, women, and children. You can also search through an extensive database of shelters through United Way. Checking out a shelter’s website (or, more efficiently, calling them up) will let you know whether or not they are in need of your mattress.
If you can’t find an organization or charity to donate your mattress to, there’s always the option of giving it away to someone directly.
You can start by posting from your accounts on social media platforms and asking around to friends, family, and acquaintances in your network. People you may not have even thought of might be in need of a bed, or have use or space for a spare one.
You can also use localized social media platforms like Facebook Marketplace, NextDoor, and Freecycle, as well as any ListServe mailing lists you may be on, to advertise your mattress. Make sure to specify that it is totally free, and also to be clear about exactly what size it is, and what state it is in (so that you don’t wind up wasting both your time and the prospective new mattress owners’ time if it’s not the right fit.) Provide dimensions and pictures, if possible.
You also might want to consider placing flyers at local schools, coffee shops, community centers, or, if applicable, universities. Again, make sure to specify the size, state, and dimensions of the mattress.
If you can’t find a suitable place to donate your mattress, or your mattress is no longer fit to sleep on, the next best thing is recycling. Close to 20 million mattresses wind up in landfills every year, with each mattress taking up to 40 cubic feet of space. This contributes significantly to landfill mass, which creates significant ecological and environmental problems, as well as unsafe conditions for workers around the world.
Around 80 to 90 percent of most mattresses can be broken down and recycled. However, recycling laws, regulations, and standards vary significantly by state, county, and even individual city and town ordinances.
In most places, however, there are two general ways to go about recycling your mattress.
Some recycling centers accept mattresses as-is. Though it may take some searching, many areas have at least one recycling facility in the general vicinity that will accept a whole mattress. Some facilities even contract with companies to pick up mattresses and recycle them for you for a small service charge (which usually doesn’t run more than $40.00). Certain states (specifically, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and California) have laws that make mattress recycling and pick up free or very low-cost through Extended Producer Responsibility Programs (EPRs).
If you’re having trouble finding recycling facilities that will take a mattress, there are a few very helpful databases you can consult.
In some cases, you may not be able to find a facility close enough to you that accepts whole mattresses, or you may not be able to transport a whole mattress to a facility that does not offer pick-up service. In that case, you’re not totally out of luck yet: there may still be recycling options!
In some cases, you may not be able to donate or recycle your mattress. It may be that your mattress isn’t fit for donation, or you can’t find a recycling center close enough that will take it. For whatever reason, you’re unable to donate, give away, recycle, or upcycle your mattress, there’s always the option to throw it out.
However, it is often not as simple as just putting the mattress out on the curb. Many states, cities, and towns have specific ordinances and rules about throwing away mattresses, some of which prohibit putting a whole mattress in the trash. In those places, a curbed mattress may not be picked up on garbage day, and may result in a ticket or a fine.
The rules regarding garbage disposal vary, and you can find the rules for your state and city with a quick Google search. If you live in an area where you can, in fact, throw out a mattress with your regular trash, make sure to carefully read any additional rules to avoid fines and/or pickup refusal. In most places, you will be required to wrap your mattress in plastic, and in some places, you will be required to wrap the mattress in a specially made plastic mattress bag. To be safe, cover your mattress in plastic (or a plastic mattress bag) and seal it shut with packing tape.
Some municipalities have additional rules and regulations when it comes to throwing out a mattress. In some places, there is a monthly bi-weekly “heavy trash day” specifically designated for the disposal of large items like mattresses. Some waste management departments also have rules against throwing out multiple bulk items (in this case, mattresses) at a time.
For those who can’t curb their mattress at all, there are a few other options.