Matthew Walker, Ph.D., is professor of neuroscience and psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, and founder and director of the school’s Center for Human Sleep Science. Walker is the author of The New York Times and international bestseller Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams. His TED Talk “Sleep is Your Superpower” has garnered more than 16 million views. He has received numerous funding awards from the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health and is a Kavli Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences. Walker’s research examines the impact of sleep on human health and disease. He has been featured on numerous television and radio outlets, including CBS’ “60 Minutes,” National Geographic Channel, NOVA Science, NPR, and the BBC. He is also host of The Matt Walker Podcast.
Our medical advisory board oversees the publication of all health-related content on SleepFoundation.org. This highly qualified team is made up of physicians, psychologists, academic researchers, and other sleep experts with decades of experience in sleep science and health fields. Their knowledge and insights about sleep science and human health ensure every article and guide on our site reflects the latest data, findings, and trends.
Dr. David Gozal is a renowned expert on sleep and its relationship to human health. As the Pediatrician-in-Chief at the University of Missouri Women’s and Children’s Hospital, his research focuses on how sleeping problems, especially sleep apnea, can adversely affect both adults and children. Dr. Gozal has received numerous grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for his research. He has published more than 725 peer-reviewed journal articles and is an active speaker about key topics in sleep medicine.
Dr. Michael V. Vitiello is an established leader in sleep research. He is a Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington where he has been active in NIH-funded research to advance the neuroscience of sleep and aging. Dr. Vitiello has served on numerous advisory boards, including at the National Sleep Foundation, Sleep Research Society and the National Center for Sleep Disorders Research, and is an active reviewer and editor for multiple peer-reviewed journals about sleep science.
Dr. David M. Rapoport is a Professor of Pulmonology at the Icahn School of Medicine and the Director of the Sleep Medicine Research Program at Mount Sinai in New York City. He is a leading authority on sleep apnea and holds multiple patents for innovations in nasal CPAP treatment. Dr. Rapoport serves on the Board of Directors for the American Sleep Apnea Association and founded the Foundation for Research in Sleep Disorders, a non-profit that promotes scientific discovery and professional education.
Dr. Thomas Roth is a leading figure in the field of sleep medicine. He is a Professor of Psychiatry and the Director of the Sleep Disorders and Research Center at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. Dr. Roth has held leadership positions at the National Sleep Foundation, the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research, and the World Health Organization. His publication history includes hundreds of peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, and he serves on the editorial board of multiple medical journals.
Dr. Troxel is a Senior Behavioral Scientist at the RAND Corporation and holds adjunct faculty positions at the University of Pittsburgh and University of Utah. She is also a licensed clinical psychologist and certified behavioral sleep medicine specialist. She is author of the recently released book Sharing the Covers: Every Couple’s Guide to Better Sleep, in which she shares her extensive research and clinical experience on the importance of healthy sleep for healthy relationships.
Dr. Steve C. Sun is a former attending physician and the Clinical Director of the Perioperative Medicine, Physician Advocate of Clinical Transformation at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. He is a board-certified academic anesthesiologist. In addition to his medical training, Dr. Sun also holds oral and maxillofacial surgery training, a master’s degree in public health, a master’s degree in business administration, and a juris doctor degree in law. Dr. Sun is currently work with Tenet Healthcare.
Dr. Robbins is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School and an Associate Scientist at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Her research uses marketing and novel communication tools and technologies (e.g. smartphones and other mobile devices) to design persuasive behavior change interventions to improve sleep and circadian health. Her research has appeared in such peer-reviewed publications as Prevention Science, Aging, Sleep Medicine, and the Journal of Sleep Research. In 2011, Dr. Robbins co-authored a book on techniques for how to get good sleep entitled Sleep for Success! with Dr. James B. Maas. Dr. Robbins has been interviewed in such publications as the New York Times, the Financial Times, and Readers’ Digest. She has appeared in national television segments for ABC Nightline, Fox Business News, and CBS This Morning. Dr. Robbins holds a Ph.D. in Communication and Health Marketing from Cornell University and has held teaching positions at the Weill Cornell Medical College in Doha, Qatar and Harvard College.
Our medical review panel ensures that SleepFoundation.org’s content and research uphold the highest standards of medical integrity. Our dedicated team is made up of the best and brightest in sleep science and medicine. All of our content is fact-checked and reviewed by our medical review panel. This additional step ensures the information we publish is accurate, evidence-based, up-to-date, and trustworthy.
Dr. Joel Gould has been practicing in Southern California since 2001. His General and Cosmetic Dental Practices treat patients of all ages and offer a broad range of treatments. Dr. Gould gained experience in pediatric dentistry, geriatrics, and hospital dentistry in Vancouver Canada for 10 years before moving to the Los Angeles area.
Dr. Gould has been treating obstructive sleep apnea in Manhattan Beach for several years before he was diagnosed with sleep apnea in 2015 himself. His research into the underlying cause of this strange new disease led him to create his new “Sleep Restoration Program” designed to change the public’s perception of the ever-growing epidemic of insomnia and sleep apnea. His new book “The Modern Epidemic” describes a new organic health paradigm regarding treating autoimmune disease and chronic illness organically without pharmaceutical medications. The program focuses on sleep as an antiaging, and natural regeneration. His ultimate goal is to transform the world of insomnia, snoring and sleep apnea with his unique sleep restoration program. Dr. Gould strongly feels that sleep disorders are both reversible and preventable, which opposes what is commonly accepted in medicine.
Dr. Vyas of Sleepless in NOLA Sleep Coaching is a Pediatrician, Public Health Specialist, and Board-Certified Sleep Expert. Getting babies to sleep is one of the most controversial, contradictory, and confusing aspects of parenting and Dr. Vyas not only takes parenting goals but the child’s developmental goals into consideration with her recommendations. She is knowledgeable not only of the common sleep approaches but more importantly, has a pediatric medical knowledge base. Her patients and clients adore their sleep doctor because she considers everything when giving advice knowing that sleep is not a solitary issue but intimately involved with the child’s holistic wellbeing, diet, development, and schedule.
Dr. Nilong Vyas is the mother of two well-rested boys and has been putting children to sleep professionally since 2014! She is a firm believer in the value of sleep (for the well-being of both children and their parents) and the need for healthy sleep habits. Her mantra ‘from good sleep comes good eaters, readers, and behaviors’ is the foundation of her practice. She passionately believes that well-rested children develop better socially, emotionally, and academically with fewer behavior problems. A well-rested child will result in a more harmonious household for all.
Dr. Dimitriu’s significant experience in both psychiatry and sleep medicine has taught him two important things. Sleep is fundamental to almost anything mind related – from anxiety to depression, energy, motivation, and even memory. He has also learned that everyone truly is a mix of nature and nurture – biology as well as psychology, and you have to treat the whole. With this balanced approach, I have seen truly amazing outcomes for some of the most challenging cases. I work as the founder of Menlo Park Psychiatry and Sleep Medicine, and am board certified in psychiatry as well as sleep medicine. My practice is a balanced mix of optimizing for peak performance by day, and peak restorative sleep by night. My patients are my teachers, and I work with some of the brightest minds to achieve peace, performance, and lasting results.
Dr. Kent Smith is double board certified in dental sleep medicine with over 20 years of experience in the treatment of sleep breathing disorders. He is president of the American Sleep and Breathing Academy and is on the advisory committee of the Australasian Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine. He earned his Doctor of Dental Surgery and Dentistry from Baylor College of Dentistry, and his bachelor’s degree from Lubbock Christian University in biology. In addition to running his private practice in Dallas, Texas, Dr. Smith is the founder and primary facilitator of 21st Century Sleep Seminars, a series of training events that prepares dental professionals to incorporate dental sleep medicine into their practices. He is also frequently published in Inside Dentistry, Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, Sleep Review, and other industry publications.
Jennifer Iyo is a Doctor of Physical Therapy who works in an outpatient orthopedic clinic in Seattle. She attended A.T. Still University in Phoenix, Arizona, where she earned her DPT. She specializes in hands-on manual therapy and tailored exercise programs for patients of all ages and ailments.
Dr. Kimberly Truong, MD MPH, is a Stanford-trained sleep physician with board certifications in sleep medicine and internal medicine. She is the founder and lead physician of Earlybird Health, a leading digital sleep clinic with hassle-free home sleep apnea testing. She believes that good sleep should be accessible to all and navigating the healthcare system should not cause any more sleepless nights. She has been awarded the Young Achiever Award by the American College of Physician and the Young Investigator Award by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Dr. Truong holds an NIH grant for a multicenter clinical research trial on central sleep apnea. Her research on obstructive sleep apnea and hospital readmissions was listed as 2018’s most read research article in JCSM, the nation’s top sleep medicine journal. She has also published peer-reviewed articles on sleep disorders in women and pregnancy. Her interest lies in sleep medicine and technology, sleep apnea and public health, circadian rhythm disorders, and sleep in women’s health. During her medical training, she had the opportunity to work closely with the ‘Founding Fathers of Sleep Medicine,’ including Dr. Christian Guilleminault and Dr. William Dement. She hopes to continue advancing the sleep field by converging sleep medicine with technology and providing sleep education and care to those who need it most.
Dr. John DeBanto has been a medical doctor and gastroenterologist for over 20 years. He is board certified in both internal medicine and gastroenterology. He is also a Fellow with the American College of Gastroenterology, serving on the patient care committee. His professional interests include cancer screening, obesity management, and therapeutic endoscopy. He’s certified to place the Orbera gastric balloon for his patients desiring weight loss. He particularly enjoys educating his patients on nutrition, cancer screening, and weight issues. He is acutely aware of how obesity can lead to significant morbidity and in particular sleep apnea, fatty liver, cancer, and cardiac issues. In addition to his medical practice, he is involved in charitable organizations such as the Lymphoma and Leukemia Society and the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation. Outside of the office, Dr DeBanto enjoys spending time with his daughter, cycling, traveling and following his University of Dayton Flyer’s basketball team.
Dr. Anis Rehman, MD is an American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) certified physician in Internal Medicine as well as Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism who practices in Illinois. He completed his residency at Cleveland Clinic Akron General, and fellowship training at the University of Cincinnati in Ohio. Dr. Rehman has several dozens of research publications in reputable journals and conferences. He also enjoys traveling and landscape photography.
Dr. Ealena Callender is a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist. In practice for 14 years, Dr. Callender is passionate about helping women reach their full potential in every stage of their lives. Her goal is to empower women and encourage them to be partners in their care. Dr. Callender takes a broad view of women’s health, realizing that there are many factors that can contribute to overall wellness. Prior to her medical career, Dr. Callender was a journalist and continues to use media to help raise awareness of important women’s health issues. Currently a candidate for a Master’s Degree at George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health, she hopes to continue making an impact on improving women’s health on a national and international scale.
Dr. Heather Wright, MD is a board certified Anatomic and Clinical Pathologist, with sub-specialty board certification in hematopathology. She completed her pathology residency at St. Louis University, surgical pathology fellowship at Washington University in St. Louis, and hematopathology fellowship at St. Louis University. She has nearly 10 years of experience in the study and diagnosis of disease, with special interest in leukemia and lymphoma, and has also served as a blood bank medical director. Dr. Wright enjoys spending time in nature, traveling, an active lifestyle, and spending time with her husband and fur babies.
Dr. Joshua Tal is a licensed psychologist with a private practice in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City. He specializes in insomnia treatment, addiction recovery and life transition stress. Dr. Tal studied sleep, health and addiction treatments under top clinicians and researchers at Stanford University, VA hospitals and rehabs across the country. His ideas and approaches to sleep have appeared in New York Magazine, CNN, Huffington Post, Men’s Health, Real Simple, POPSUGAR, Well+Good, and City of Sleep. Dr. Tal uses revolutionary treatments that have been proven to increase sleep, cut out substances and fortify a quality life.
Dr. Michael Grandner is a licensed clinical psychologist, board-certified in Behavioral Sleep Medicine. He is the Director of the Sleep and Health Research Program at the University of Arizona and Director of the Behavioral Sleep Medicine Program at the Banner-University Medical Center in Tucson. Dr. Grandner is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Psychology, Medicine, Nutritional Sciences, and Clinical Translational Science at the University of Arizona. He is an internationally recognized expert in sleep health, has over 200 academic publications, and frequently consults with health, technology, athletics, and nutritional companies and organizations regarding sleep, health, and performance. Read more about him at michaelgrandner.com.
Our management team drives editorial and product testing at SleepFoundation.org. The team’s extensive expertise in mattresses, bedding, and sleep products coupled with its background in media, editorial, and digital marketing helps to make SleepFoundation.org one of the largest sleep information portals online.
Keith is a sleep product expert with close to a decade of experience researching, developing, and testing sleep products. At Sleep Foundation, Keith oversees the testing lab, product evaluation process, and recommendations across all product categories. He is a sleep science coach that’s been quoted in major outlets like HLN, NBC News, The Washington Post, Reader’s Digest, and more—helping millions of consumers get a better night’s sleep. When he’s not testing sleep products, you can find Keith digging through crates in record stores across, eating or running around his home of Seattle, or lounging with his wife and cat.
Tom is the Director of Product Testing for SleepFoundation.org. After a decade working in higher education, Tom brings the same eye for rigorous research to sleep products. He works with the product testing team to gather subjective and objective experiences and feedback, and makes sure the testing outcomes are reflected in Sleep Foundation’s written and video reviews. He holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy and Religious Studies from the University of Denver.
Logan is a Certified Sleep Science Coach with a deep understanding of what it means to struggle with sleep. Her years of experience researching and testing sleep products – including mattresses, natural sleep aids, and bedding – are critical to her role helping lead the editorial team. As a chronic insomniac, she aims to bring her findings to anyone struggling with getting adequate rest. Her expertise is in creating informative, trustworthy, and useful health content. When she’s not testing mattresses or researching CBT-I, she enjoys spending time in the sunshine with her husband and her dog Pepper.
Katie is Senior Features Editor for SleepFoundation.org. She has developed and maintained evidence-based, patient-centered web content on medical laboratory testing for Testing.com and other sites. Katie first got involved with patient education more than 14 years ago as an editor for an award-winning website dedicated to informing the public about laboratory testing. Originally launched by AACC, a global scientific and medical professional organization, the site reached over two million visitors a month. Initially trained as a laboratory professional, Katie has extensive experience in laboratory testing and working in various medical laboratories. She has a degree in microbiology from San Diego State University and is a board-certified Medical Laboratory Scientist.
Danny is a Minneapolis native who studied neuroscience as well as human development from a psychological perspective at the University of Puget Sound. He is a Certified Sleep Science Coach with a deep understanding of sleep and the body’s needs. Danny has personally tested hundreds of sleep products and has an extensive base of knowledge when it comes to mattresses. Outside of the world of sleep, his interests include electronic music, fashion, and old myths and legends.
Lauren is a Certified Sleep Science Coach from the Atlanta area with an educational background in linguistics. She has experience testing a wide variety of sleep products, from everyday staples like pillows, sheets, and mattresses to more obscure items such as night guards for bruxism and white noise machines. When not testing sleep products, Lauren enjoys hiking, sewing, and watching movies while under a weighted blanket.
Jackson leads editorial product recommendations at Sleep Foundation, transforming the data from our sleep product test lab into real world takeaways for consumers. He has spent over half a decade developing protocol to evaluate and measure the impacts of products on sleep quality. As a cited sleep product expert, Jackson helps guide millions of shoppers to find personalized recommendations for everything from pillows to bedding to mattresses.
Jeremy is a sleep product tester with a passion for methodology and data collection. He’s spent the last three years at Sleep Foundation testing nearly every mattress, pillow, and sheet on the market, and has gained a holistic understanding of how to get the most accurate and universal results possible. When he’s not working, Jeremy likes to play guitar, climb rocks, and watch old movies.
Eric Suni has over a decade of experience in health communications. For over seven years at Fred Hutch, Seattle’s prestigious cancer research center, he worked as a science writer and information specialist for the National Cancer Institute’s Cancer Information Service, communicating directly with cancer patients, their family members, and the general public to explain complex topics in an understandable and compassionate way. He is passionate about promoting health and wellness by creating up-to-date, evidence-based resources and believes that improving sleep can have far-reaching benefits for public health.
Danielle is originally from Vancouver, BC, where she has spent many hours staring at her ceiling trying to fall asleep. She studied the science of sleep with a degree in psychology at the University of British Columbia, and she now channels her frustration into researching sleep solutions and sharing insights with fellow insomniacs. Danielle spends her downtime trying out new recipes and working off the calories on the soccer field.
Austin is a professional writer and researcher who has spent the last decade helping people find accurate, helpful information through authoritative web publications. Through his own sleep struggles, including a moderate case of obstructive sleep apnea, Austin has learned the importance of a good night’s sleep. When he’s not testing sleep products or researching a topic, you can find him running, cooking, or traveling abroad.
Jay Summer is a health content writer and editor. She holds a Bachelor of Science in psychology, along with master’s degrees in writing and public policy. Previously, she taught writing courses at the University of South Florida.
Brad is a lifelong resident of the Pacific Northwest who holds a bachelor’s degree in English from Western Washington University. As someone who has lived with sleep problems throughout his adult life, Brad is passionate about helping others get the rest they need. He’s professionally tested and reviewed sleep products for more than five years. Prior to his current role, Brad was an associate editor for Seattleite.com and a product copywriter for Nordstrom. He also volunteered with the Peace Corps in Zambia from 2006 to 2008, and taught English in South Korea from 2009 to 2010.
Hilary Achauer is a journalist and marketing content writer specializing in health, wellness, and fitness. She has written for Slate, The Washington Post, The Week, Men’s Health, and the CrossFit Journal.
Lisa Marie Basile is a health journalist, author, and patient advocate living with ankylosing spondylitis. Her work is found in The New York Times, Self, Healthline, GoodRx, WebMD, HealthCentral, and more. She has a master’s degree in writing from The New School in New York City.
Karen is a health and science reporter in the Baltimore area. Her work has appeared in the Baltimore Sun, on AARP.org, and in numerous magazines for physicians and allied health professionals.
Jennifer has written about health topics for Glamour, Health, Woman’s World, Well + Good, and Healthline, among other outlets.
Kelsey is a contributing writer with a degree in journalism from Penn State University. Her work has appeared on Livestrong.com and Testing.com, as well as in School Nutrition and National Culinary Review.
Lisa is a freelance writer who specializes in writing about health, sleep, psychology, and nutrition. She lives in New Jersey.
Rena Goldman is a Los Angeles-based freelance journalist and editor with more than a decade of experience. She covers health, wellness, mental health, small business, and how politics and policies impact our daily lives. Her articles have been featured in national publications and lifestyle brands.
Brianna Graham is a dedicated and multifaceted public-health expert and health-communications consultant. She has a master’s degree in public health and provides communications-consulting services for health systems, health-tech companies, and social-impact campaigns through her business, Mixed Media LLC.
Beth is a freelance health writer. She has a master’s degree in public health, and her writing appears in SELF, HuffPost, Time, Prevention, and more.
Sarah is a science writer based in London. When she’s not at her keyboard, Sarah is traveling, cooking, or napping.
Olivia is the lab administrator for Dr. Matthew Walker’s Center for Human Sleep Science at UC Berkeley. She currently manages a longitudinal project studying sleep and cognition in healthy older adults, and has assisted research investigating various detrimental effects of sleep deprivation in young adults. Olivia earned a B.S. in Cognitive Science from UC Berkeley, and some of her research interests include investigating the impact of sleep deprivation on mood as well as sleep regularity.
Formerly editor-in-chief of Austin Monthly, Erin is a freelance writer and editor who specializes in lifestyle content. She lives in Austin, Texas, and is working on a novel.
Constance Sommer is a freelance writer living in Los Angeles. Her articles and essays have appeared in The New York Times, the Washington Post, Vogue, Knowable, and AARP, among others.
Susan Johnston Taylor is a freelance writer in Austin, Texas, covering business, health, and lifestyle topics. She’s especially passionate about sleep, especially how it impacts mood and overall health.
Emma Yasinski is a science and medical journalist based in Florida. Her work has appeared in MedShadow.org, National Geographic, Undark.org, and more.
At SleepFoundation.org, we conduct extensive first-person experience tests on all but a select few products. This hands-on approach allows us to provide accurate, data-driven recommendations for mattresses, pillows, sheets, and other sleep essentials.
Guidelines for our testing methodology are as follows: