Getting enough rest is important for all students,  from kindergarteners to collegiates. Early wake-up times, daylong course schedules, homework requirements, and extracurricular activities can all interfere with a student’s sleep schedule and leave them feeling tired in class the next day. These demands can increase in high school and college.

Insufficient sleep is particularly problematic for children ages 13 and younger because they require more daily rest than older individuals. Elementary and middle school students typically need to sleep for nine to 11 hours each night, and early start times for schools can leave them with less time to complete their homework and relax in the evening. In recent years, some education experts have suggested starting classes later in the morning to help students feel less tired and more alert, but at many campuses across the country, the school day kicks off at 7 a.m. or earlier.

Many students also struggle with sleep during the transition period between summer vacation and the new school year. Parents can help their children get enough rest by encouraging proper sleep hygiene, which refers to habits and behaviors that promote high-quality sleep. Going to bed and getting up at the same times each day – even on the weekends – can establish a healthy sleep routine, as can “quiet time” in the evenings after their homework is finished. Avoiding caffeine and electronic devices in the hours leading up to bedtime may also be helpful.

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