Epilepsy and Sleep

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concluded that the most common triggers for seizures were emotional stress, sleep deprivation and tiredness. For people with epilepsy, healthy sleep is essential for effective control of seizures.

If you have epilepsy, always take your medication as prescribed and wear a medical alert bracelet.

When a seizure does occur, there are things people can do to keep the person having the seizure from injuring himself or herself. If you or your child has epilepsy, be sure that your family, friends, co-workers, and classmates are aware of the condition and know how to help in the event of a seizure.

Here are some tips for what to do if someone is having a seizure:

  • Lay the person down on his or her side in an area free of sharp objects
  • Cushion the person's head
  • Loosen clothing, especially around the neck
  • Check for a medical ID bracelet that gives instructions on what to do
  • Monitor the person's vital signs
  • Stay with the person until the episode is over or medical personnel arrive

Here are some tips for what NOT to do if someone is having a seizure:

  • Do not restrain the person
  • Do not put anything in the person's mouth during the episode
  • Do not move the person unless he or she is in danger

If someone is having a seizure, call 911 if:

  • This is the first time the person has had a seizure
  • The seizure lasts more than 2-5 minutes
  • The person does not awaken or have normal behavior after the seizure
  • Another seizure starts soon after a seizure ends
  • The person had a seizure in water
  • The person is pregnant, injured, or has diabetes
  • The person does not have a medical ID bracelet
  • There is anything different about this seizure compared to the person's usual seizures
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